The human body is made of innumerable cells, and each cell makes use of only a small fraction of the genes that are present and keeps the rest inactive. How the cells decide on the activity or inactivity of the genes depends on the environment, hormones, and other and other neural signals. These regulatory factors are important to consider while studying disorders such as Huntington’s disease, stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, etc.
A vast majority of neurological diseases that arise from a person’s genetic makeup, have been identified with the aid of modern science. However, the role of genes and their variations in conditions such as Alzheimer’s have not been completely discovered. It is important to note that such disorders are caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
Also, when the disorder is detected, the effect of any one gene is pretty small, which means that patients with neurological disorders are affected by many defects in the genome. Also, epigenetic factors such as DNA binding proteins, sRNA, histones, chemical tags, etc., can be a major contributor to these conditions aside from deviations in the DNA. Scientists around the globe are studying changes in DNA and the associating factors between the human genome and brain health.
Researchers conduct this kind of studies of DNA and RNA sequences, closely examining every nucleotide; a process that has become fast, easy, and cost-effective with the advancement in technology, needed to get a detailed report on a genome.
At specialist centers such as Genetic Healing, Pune, doctors can prescribe specific tests to check for mutations in the gene, that cause neurological disorders. These tests confirm or disprove diagnosis in patients who are displaying symptoms. Alternatively, the tests can also establish the mutation in people who are at risk of developing this disorder but, who are not yet actively showing the symptoms.
These tests are conducted in state-of-the-art laboratories, where complete gene profiling can be carried out, which creates new possibilities in disease prevention, accurate diagnosis and effective treatment in all types of scenarios. Accurately comprehending how genes affect and create such complex disorders is creating opportunities in personalized medicine.
The practice of using genome analysis for diagnosis, cure, and prevention is fast gaining ground, as the routine way to detect genetic health threats such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and even some types of brain tumors. Also, pharmaceutical companies are gradually shifting towards the ideology of creating medicine combinations that would be personally tailored to the genetic makeup of each individual patient. Such medicine treatments will be able to perform their function without too many side effects.
The future of genetics in the medical field is also looking towards manipulating the actions of genes, either to activate dormant, beneficial genes or deactivate harmful over-active ones. While such treatments will take some time to become a reality, the path has been set, and all kinds of neurological ailments will find a solution with centers like Genetic Healing. Learn all about it at www.genetichealing.in