Science, for a long time has been working on accurately finding out about the determinants for athletic performance, and as a very complex field of research that is dependant on a large field such as genetics, psychology, physiology, and neurological connection for motor skills, or external factors such as diet, exercise, opportunity for development, overall health, etc. Any athlete who works on these factors has better chances at success in sports.
On the other hand, people are interested in understanding whether their genetic makeup is in alignment towards sports in the field of power or endurance. Such tests are extremely easy to take, as the DNA sampling kits are provided to the consumer through the mail. More than 200 variants in genomes are linked to physical performance, of which around 20 are linked to being in the elite athlete tier (particularly the ACE and ACTN3 genes).
Genetic testing such as this, not only tells a person what type of workout and sport the body is predisposed to, but also what type of sports injury you are at higher risk of, the speed of fatigue, and what type of diet best suits your fitness goals.
An interesting, related field of research is how genes interact with each other to elicit responses that may have a direct impact on a person’s physical performance. Also, this research focuses on how the environment the genes are present in effect how the interactions actually take place, and how this impacts the final result. This is important in the scenario where it will be eventually possible to artificially stimulate environments where positive genetic interactions take place.
Although studies based on the genome are cost-effective and comparatively simpler to perform, certain problems such as inconsistencies of results among different sample populations are likely to create obstacles. For example, if a particular genetic trait appears in more than one sample population, on the face of it, it appears to indicate the trend for the entire world’s population. However, this is a fallacy and is not true all the time.
Assessing the genotype through its association with particular individuals and their capabilities is what the major aim of the sports evaluation of genes goes for. Case-control studies, cross-sectional studies, and longitudinal studies are commonly used methods to extract accurate data and interpretations, in order to get convincing evidence when it comes to the different genetic variants that are effective in enhancing sports performance, through detailed and massive studies, involving large-scale sample populations.
The future of genetic testing for sports is extremely promising. In the last few years, researchers have managed to accurately associate specific genes with different aspects of athletic performance. Although these researchers are not conclusive in all respects, a massive undertaking has been taken in the right direction. However, it is important for both researchers and the common public to be completely aware of the best possible use of genetic data. To learn more visit www.genetichealing.in right now!